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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

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ance with what was agreed on in my conversation with Marshal Stalin,
then I must ask you, Mr. Commissar, what interest can the Soviet
Government possibly have in arousing Polish public opinion, and also in
exciting public opinion abroad where these facts will undoubtedly become
known ? I have precise information showing that the local authorities deal
with these matters drastically. I think the only reasonable solution
corresponding to the spirit of my conversation with Marshal Stalin and
with you would be the suspension of all steps of this nature by the local
Soviet authorities, at least for the period of the negotiations we are to conduct.
Molotov : The local authorities who received instructions on the
grounds of the Note of January 16 must put them into operation. For
these authorities the question is not controversial at all and it is their duty
to carry out their instructions. The way in which this was done may,
indeed, have provoked friction. But I must assure you that it is the
intention of the Soviet Government that conditions of life of the Polish
population not only shall not suffer any deterioration but on the contrary
be improved.
Romer : I must state once again, that the manner in which these
instructions are carried out by the local authorities has been extremely
ruthless, and they are applied to matters that have not been agreed upon
between us, although the authorities concerned referred to an alleged
consent of the Embassy. I see no grounds whatever for taking over welfare
institutions of the Embassy and Polish State property assigned to them. . .
Romer : And what in your view will be the possibilities of distinguishing
between the two categories of people, those who for both sides are and
remain indisputably Polish citizens, and those whom the Soviet Government
now considers Soviet citizens ?
Molotov : This problem is purely practical. It will be dealt with
within the scope of our legislation.
Romer : I have precise information, Mr. Commissar, that Polish citizens
are being arrested for not accepting Soviet passports and I am unable to
reconcile this procedure with the stand taken by Marshal Stalin in his
conversation with me.
Molotov : You simplify this matter, Mr. Ambassador. The moment
is difficult. Truly there is friction. If a Pole resists the orders of Soviet
authorities, we shall deal with that as with a hostile action.........
Romer : In the cases on which we have most detailed reports, the
Soviet authorities failed to take into account the will of individuals.
Whereas, during my conversation with Marshal Stalin, the latter laid
emphasis on the fact that precisely this factor would have to be taken into
serious consideration. We, on our part, give due attention to this circum-
stance, and therefore you, Mr. Commissar, will not, for instance, have to
deal with any claim on our part with regard to the citizenship of Wanda
Wasilewska, of whose case mention was made.
Molotov : Your reference to Marshal Stalin is incorrect. Comrade
Stalin spoke of two factors and you, Mr. Ambassador, mention only one.
Stalin said that one must take into consideration : first, Soviet legislation;
and second, the will of the citizen. As to Wanda Wasilewska, she
voluntarily accepted Soviet citizenship although she was born in Warsaw.
Romer : I very well remember the stand taken by Marshal Stalin and
I must emphasize that the Soviet authorities only count with the one of
the two factors which, according to the Marshal, were to influence the
determination of citizenship, namely, Soviet legislation; but they totally
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